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The Sustainability Tracking, Assessment & Rating System™ (STARS) is a transparent, self-reporting framework for colleges and universities to measure their sustainability performance.

Overall Rating Gold
Overall Score 69.67
Liaison Trina Innes
Submission Date June 30, 2017
Executive Letter Download

STARS v2.1

University of Alberta
OP-5: Building Energy Consumption

Status Score Responsible Party
Complete 3.00 / 6.00 Michael Versteege
Manager, Energy Management & Sustainable Operations
Facilities & Operations
"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Figures needed to determine total building energy consumption:
Performance Year Baseline Year
Grid-purchased electricity 717,156.30 MMBtu 461,394.87 MMBtu
Electricity from on-site renewables 769.50 MMBtu 0 MMBtu
District steam/hot water (sourced from offsite) 0 MMBtu 0 MMBtu
Energy from all other sources (excluding transportation fuels) 287,614.61 MMBtu 184,900.21 MMBtu
Total 1,005,540.41 MMBtu 646,295.08 MMBtu

Start and end dates of the performance year and baseline year (or 3-year periods):
Start Date End Date
Performance Year April 1, 2015 March 31, 2016
Baseline Year April 1, 2005 March 31, 2006

A brief description of when and why the building energy consumption baseline was adopted (e.g. in sustainability plans and policies or in the context of other reporting obligations):

The baseline was adopted because it aligns with our Greenhouse Gas reduction goal and it also aligned with the Canadian Federal Government's baseline at the time that our goal was set. The University of Alberta recognizes that water, energy, and greenhouse gas emissions are intrinsically linked and that the consumption of energy drives our greenhouse gas production.

The UAlberta GHG inventory follows the Operational Control approach to define its organizational boundary. Operational Control is defined as having full authority to introduce and implement the university’s operating policies. As a result, Enterprise Square, Alberta Health Services run properties, Canadian Blood Services and the Jubilee Auditorium are not included in our inventory because UAlberta does not have operational control of these buildings.


Gross floor area of building space:
Performance Year Baseline Year
Gross floor area of building space 16,814,578.19 Gross Square Feet 13,611,882.13 Gross Square Feet

Source-site ratio for grid-purchased electricity:
2.05

Total building energy consumption per unit of floor area:
Performance Year Baseline Year
Site energy 0.06 MMBtu / GSF 0.05 MMBtu / GSF
Source energy 0.10 MMBtu / GSF 0.08 MMBtu / GSF

Percentage reduction in total building energy consumption (source energy) per unit of floor area from baseline (0-100):
0

Degree days, performance year (base 65 °F / 18 °C):
Degree days (see help icon above)
Heating degree days 8,406 Degree-Days (°F)
Cooling degree days 464.40 Degree-Days (°F)

Floor area of energy intensive space, performance year:
Floor Area
Laboratory space 2,424,387.51 Square Feet
Healthcare space 0 Square Feet
Other energy intensive space

EUI-adjusted floor area, performance year:
24,079,148.08 Gross Square Feet

Building energy consumption (site energy) per unit of EUI-adjusted floor area per degree day, performance year:
4.71 Btu / GSF / Degree-Day (°F)

Documentation (e.g. spreadsheet or utility records) to support the performance year energy consumption figures reported above:
A brief description of the institution's initiatives to shift individual attitudes and practices in regard to energy efficiency (e.g. outreach and education efforts):

Earth Hour is a global event organized by WWF (World Wildlife Fund). It is held each year on the last Saturday of March. Earth Hour asks households and businesses to turn off their non-essential lights and other electrical appliances for one hour to raise awareness about the need to take action on climate change. The university's celebration of Earth Hour includes a variety of competitions and programs supporting this global movement. Examples of the outreach programming for Earth Hour 2017 are outlined below.

ONE HOUR, NO POWER: CAMPUS CHALLENGE
Building on a successful pledge competition since Earth Hour 2010, a call for participation was sent province-wide to broaden the reach of this event. Students, staff and faculty at all participating institutions were encouraged to visit a common website and make their pledge to participate in Earth Hour 2017. The school with the largest number of pledges (proportional to school population) will win the competition, and individual participants will be entered to win prizes supplied by their own institution.

DARKEST TOWER CHALLENGE
Lister Residence, the university's largest residence complex, houses nearly 1,600 students in four towers. In collaboration with Residence Services, the Office of Sustainability held a competition within the Lister Residence that encouraged residents to reduce their electricity consumption.

GREEN SPACES
The Green Spaces certification program is a way to help the university's campus community integrate sustainable practices into their work and living spaces. Participants can earn a bronze, silver, or gold certification for their office space, lab, event or living space. Green Spaces has many categories that participants are evaluated on, and one is reduction of energy use.


A brief description of energy use standards and controls employed by the institution (e.g. building temperature standards, occupancy and vacancy sensors):

Lighting occupancy sensors and photo-cells are being installed across campus in areas where lights would not normally be shut off without user intervention. Examples of areas that would require occupancy sensors would be mechanical/electrical rooms, janitor closets, storage rooms, washrooms, larger public areas and medium or large classrooms and labs. Photo-cells are installed in areas that have enough exposure to daylight that lights can be turned off and the area still maintains safe and comfortable working conditions. There are also areas where lights cannot be turned off due to safety (i.e. stairwells, emergency exits, elevator shafts, elevators, etc.).

The university uses its direct digital control and building automation systems to centrally monitor and control the central systems in individual buildings, schedule the operation of systems, and provide space temperature setbacks. An example of temperature setbacks in practice is in the Health Research Innovation Centre buildings; during unoccupied hours, space temperatures are allowed to rise during warm weather conditions and dip under cool weather conditions. Another example is the Centennial Centre for Interdisciplinary Sciences, where lighting control occupancy sensors shut down zone lighting and ventilation equipment for individual offices and areas, and space temperatures are allowed to deviate off set point whenever individual spaces are unoccupied.

Monthly and annual utility readings are coordinated through utilities and finance services; they are used to track all facility utility performance. These readings are also used to compare current building performance to previous years to track changes to a facility’s utility performance.

In the future, the university's building operations will utilize an Enterprise Energy Information Monitoring System to further increase the efficiency of university building systems.


A brief description of Light Emitting Diode (LED) lighting and other energy-efficient lighting strategies employed by the institution:

The university is introducing high-efficiency LED lighting on campus through our Energy Management Program. As of the time of this report, LED lighting has been installed in lighting applications in the Students’ Union Building, Stadium Parkade, Southfield Parkade and the Lister Centre parking lot on North Campus. Five more retrofit projects are being designed. In addition, LED street lights and pathway lights are installed at Augustana Campus, and the new Jeanne and Peter Lougheed Performing Arts Centre is one of the first theatres in North America to use exclusively LED stage lighting. The building's interior and exterior lighting also uses LED.


A brief description of passive solar heating, geothermal systems, and related strategies employed by the institution:

Solar Thermal Projects - Completed
- Augustana Forum: 13 kW solar thermal installation
- Physical Activity and Wellness (PAW) Centre: 133 kW solar thermal installation

Solar Thermal Projects - In Progress
- Augustana system expansion: 10 kW solar thermal expansion planned


A brief description of co-generation employed by the institution, e.g. combined heat and power (CHP):

The university's District Energy System (DES) centralizes production of heating, cooling and electricity, rather than generating this on a building-by-building basis and transporting electricity from far away. This reduces the maintenance, transportation, and distribution costs associated with energy production. The DES provides energy security for the university and is also a revenue-generating utility that produces about 25 to 30 per cent of the electricity used on campus and 100 per cent of campus heating and cooling needs.

The university's DES services over 100 buildings on 304 acres of land (approximately 330 Canadian football fields). It is one of the largest DES in North America.

The University of Alberta's DES:
- Uses STG-1, a cogeneration technology generator with a 13 MW steam turbine generator that was installed in 1994. Because power generation is directly related to heating load, peak power production occurs during the winter months, when it is needed most.
- Has a 26.4 MW condensing steam turbine generator, which was installed in 2000. This generator operates independently of the heating load.
- Is fueled by natural gas, which creates fewer greenhouse gas emissions than coal.
- Has boilers that are fitted with combustion controls to reduce emissions..
- Operations span across multiple buildings, including a heating plant, two cooling plants, a thermal energy storage system, two electrical switching stations, 10 km of service corridors, and an extensive metering system.


A brief description of the institution's initiatives to replace energy-consuming appliances, equipment and systems with high efficiency alternatives (e.g. building re-commissioning or retrofit programs):

Across the university's campuses, there are a number of programs in place to facilitate transition to high-efficiency equipment, appliances and systems:

- Fume hood replacements: The university is actively replacing aged constant volume 100 fpm face velocity fume hoods with new hoods that operate at 60 fpm and have variable volume settings that allow for the flow to go very low when the sash is closed.
- Fan replacements: All fan systems that have motors over 100 Hp with fan arrays are in the process of being replaced. As a result, maintenance costs are decreased, single point failure is reduced, and building power use is reduced.
- Motor replacements: All motors that need to be replaced are being fitted with high-efficiency motors.
- Heat reclamation: Implementation of heat recovery for all buildings that have research plug loads. A closed loop water system is circulated to provide cooling for lab equipment and reject the heat into the building air systems as preheat.
- Lab Freezer Rebate Program – The university works with an external partner to examine the feasibility of offering an ultra-low temperature (ULT) freezer rebate program as an incentive for purchases of energy-efficient ULT units. Efficiency of ULT units is important because they are some of the biggest consumers of energy in laboratories and are estimated to consume as much energy as a single-family household in Alberta each year. Through a feasibility study, it was found that if UAlberta were to swap out 10–15 old ULT freezers at the end of their usable lives with 10 new, energy-efficient models, the institution could save 50–83 tonnes of CO2 emissions, 95,000-157,000 kWh per year, and $12,000–$21,000 in electricity costs.
- Vending machines - There are eight snack machines on campus operated by Edmonton Coin Vending that have motion detection technology; three are located in the Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, three are in the Saville Centre, and both the Education Building and the Centennial Centre for Interdisciplinary Science have one machine each. The lights are turned off one hour after they were last used.


The website URL where information about the programs or initiatives is available:
Additional documentation to support the submission:
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ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBLE PARTIES

NORTH CAMPUS

James Allen
Associate Vice-President
Operations & Maintenance

Monica Chahal
Program Lead
Office of Sustainability

Kurt Borth
Special Projects Planner
Office of Sustainability

Jason Yuzyk
Utilities
Utilities Data Analyst

AUGUSTANA CAMPUS

Chris Blades
Facilities Manager
Facilities & Operations

The information presented here is self-reported. While AASHE staff review portions of all STARS reports and institutions are welcome to seek additional forms of review, the data in STARS reports are not verified by AASHE. If you believe any of this information is erroneous or inconsistent with credit criteria, please review the process for inquiring about the information reported by an institution and complete the Data Inquiry Form.